We are going to give you the guidelines to keep your indoor plants healthy and lustrous by eliminating possible insect pests such as cochineal or aphid and diseases such as oidium or mildew. To do this, we will use biological products, without pesticides, that will help boost the natural defenses of plants.
Cochineal pest- One of the most important pests of the leaves of indoor plants is the cochineal plague. The aphid is relatively easy to eradicate, however, the cochineal is more resistant since it is hidden in different recesses, so its elimination is more complicated.
The cochineal is a sucking insect, like the aphid, which adheres to the leaf of the plant and absorbs the sap of the leaf. These insects are very voracious, however, part of that sap that sucks is eliminated through feces leaving the plant with black spots. These spots may increase further if they are attacked by a fungus called bold that causes the leaves to turn black.
To eliminate this pest, we will proceed in two ways. On the one hand, to avoid the attack of the mealybug, we will activate the natural defenses of the plant by spraying specific products so that it is strong and is able to prevent the attack of the pest. And on the other, once the plant is already suffering from the plague, we will apply a biological insecticide product.
The first action is preventive, we already do in healthy plants that do not have any type of pest or disease. For this, there are plants such as nettles or horsetail, which, by developing several slurries, we can extract their extracts. Powdered on plants, they will create hardnesses that will prevent the attack of pests.
The second option will be done when we already have the plague. In this case, we will use a mineral oil-based product that is going to suffocate cochineal. Thus avoiding the use of chemicals.
These types of biological insecticides are not of systemic action, that is, they are not absorbed by the plant so that it later reaches the insect through the leaves that it has eaten, but that its action is direct. We must ensure that we completely pulverize the entire plant, without forgetting any corner.
To prevent any cochineal from hiding, we will remove all the dried and damaged leaves from the base of the plant. Once cleaning is done, we will proceed to dilute the product in water and introduce it in a sprayer.
We apply the product based on mineral oils throughout the plant, making sure to reach all parts of the plant.
Curiosities of the cochineal- Everything negative has its positive side, from the cochineal that is grown in prickly pears in the Canary Islands a dye is produced that is used to color the lipstick.